The acropolis in the great Hellenistic city of Pergamum sits atop a 985-ft (300-m) hill, and is one of the most dramatic sights in Turkey. Explore the 3rd-century-BC amphitheater, the few pillars of the white-marble Trajan’s Temple, and the remains of the library, which once housed 200,000 parchment scrolls. Much of the city’s treasure is now in Berlin’s Pergamonmuseum.
Pergamon or Pergamum, also referred to by its modern Greek form Pergamos, was a rich and powerful ancient Greek city in Mysia. It is located 26 kilometres from the modern coastline of the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus and northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey. Wikipedia